If a piece of music is monophonic, then it has only a melody line and no harmony. Link to this page: Adam de la Halle. His Music Adam de la Halle was of French origins. Click the link for more information. The music we listen to today is comprised of everything these composers created.
Schola Cantorum Basiliensis, Thomas Binkley, cond. Two important figures stand out among the anonymity. Research Period: The Central Middle Ages. The melodies to which these are set have the character of , and are more spontaneous and melodious than the more elaborate music of his songs and motets. Adam died in Italy, sometime between 1285 the death of Charles and the occasion for his poem Le roi de Secile and 1289. His early play, Jeu de la Feuilée, is a satirical fantasy about forty-nine citizens of Arras, his father among them. Many of his songs and polyphonic motets are preserved, as is the pastoral comedy with music Le Jeu de Robin et Marion c.
Another work, Jeu d'Adam ou de la feuillée 1262 , was one of the earliest forerunners of comic opera. Afterwards he joined the household of ; and then was attached to , brother of , whose fortunes he followed in Egypt, Syria, Palestine, and Italy. On the other hand, Adam mingled this traditional monophonic composition with the more esoteric form of the thirteenth century motet, and performed the first experiments in polyphonic secular song. However, he fell in love with and married a young woman named Maroie. Adam also certainly participated in the lively activities of Arras' literary societies, the Confrérie des jongleurs Guild of Artesian Jongleurs and the renowned Puy d'Arras.
Ars Antiqua was the period of musical activity in 13th century France. The pieces are very appealing and, in some ways, anticipate 14 th century developments. Oxford University Press, London, 1954. Adam was among the few 13 th century composers to apply polyphonic techniques to the various contemporary types of secular music: ballade, rondeau, and virelai. Marriage interfered with his musical career; but with the help of some noble benefactors he was able to pursue musical studies at the University of Paris. His father, Henri de le Hale, was a well-known Citizen of Arras, and Adam studied , , and music at the of , near. University o California Press at Berkeley, Berkeley, 1997.
Many of his songs and polyphonic motets are preserved, as is the pastoral comedy with music Le Jeu de Robin et Marion c. Research Period: The Central Middle Ages. Adam had been destined for the church, but renounced this intention, and married a certain Marie, who figures in many of his songs, , and. He was a member of the. As noted above, Adam de la Halle produced a remarkably versatile body of works.
His shorter poetic works are meant to be accompanied by music. They were all written in conductus style, note against note, with all three voices singing the same text, none of which held true for the 14 th century rondeaux. He was a member of the. Recorded May 1987 at the Barfüsserkirche in Basel, Switzerland. He was celebrated as a singer as well as a poet-composer, and may have performed at a royal feast in England. Manuscripts of this work include music since songs were a part of the play, which had little plot but was full of proverbs and puns. Le jeu de Robin et Marion.
His extensive output includes monophonie jeux-partis and chansons, and polyphonic rondeaux and motets. The , which tells how Marion resisted the knight, and remained faithful to Robert the shepherd, is based on an old chanson, Robin m'aime, Robin m'a. Le jeu de Robin et Marion; 13 rondeaux Raimbaut de Vaqueiras, Guillaume d'Amiens, Anon. Jeu de Robin et Marion was likely welcome entertainment for Charles I and the dispirited French court. Most are rondeaux, although the forms and rhyme schemes are not completely standardized. At the court of Charles, after Charles became king of , Adam wrote his , the most famous of his works.
Adam stayed in Naples until 1288, when some think that Adam died more on that at the end of this post. Franco of Cologne, who flourished in the middle of the 13th century, was a theorist who organized a new, more precise system of rhythmic notation, the direct ancestor of modern notation. His other play, Le jeu Adan or Le jeu de la Feuillee ca. Polyphonic is the type of music we hear today. The pastoral tale tells, with a great deal of earthy humor, how the maiden Marion resisted a charming knight and remained faithful to her beloved, Robin the shepherd. The form of his name and later manuscript attributions tell of his birth in the city of Arras -- a positive hotbed of literary culture -- 80 miles north of Paris.