Now, Becket remained steadfast in his refusal to absolve the bishops. Under this Pope the rest of the life of St. He was also watchful that the domestics each performed their duty ; and if any one were neglectful, he was certain to receive a reprimand in due time and place. However, the fundamentals of his narrative are no doubt true. Thomas expostulates with the Pope.
Thomas, as Chan- cellor, was officially interested, and which has often been quoted as an example of his readiness at this period of his Hfe, to side with the King against those principles of which he was after- wards the champion and the martyr. When they had recovered from the awe which first struck them, the other monks who had been left before the altar were called ; and they found that the body, which had been buried there very little less than a century, had been preserved by God from all corruption. Throughout his life Thomas gave with prodigality and acted with panache. The last morning — Matins — the thought of flight — Mass— spiritual con- ference and confession — dinner — the coming of the four knights — the interview— the knights call to arms — John of Salisbury's remonstrance — the panic of the monks— the Saint enters the church — the knights follow through the cloister — the Saint's last words — the martyrdom. This Life was avowedly written to supplement the short Life by John of Salisbury, and it was in existence when Herbert wrote. The hospital, the munificent foundation of John and Alice Shepherd, was not founded for the next two hundred years ; it was then dedicated, as its successor the English College now is, to the Blessed Trinity, in honour of our Saint.
Thomas from his dangerous posi- tion. I am bound by the number of miracles that have taken place to let you know how illustrious the martyr Thomas has become amongst us. Peter, Nicholas Breakspeare, a native of St. William Fitzstephen gives his own creden- tials. Thomas was from John of Salisbury, who says that the Archbishop was beginning to be dispirited as to his personal influence with Henry.
King Henry does not keep his engagements — St. The problems between the City of God and the City of Man are not new and not limited to places in which there is a distinct antithesis and the Body of Christ has continued through much worse circumstances. The Archbishop, however, managed to es- cape the guards who had been set to prevent his leaving England ; and alone of all the bishops of that country, except three, whom the King sent to excuse the rest, he attended the synod. Denys — at Vivian's request St. Thomas is mentioned as a Saint of the Order, to be kept by all its various branches ; and it is said that, in order that he might serve God more freely and securely, he professed the Institute of the Canons Regular. When this was over, thirteen poor men were daily taken into a private room, where the Saint washed and kissed their feet, and' then waited on them, serving up to them with his own hands a plentiful meal.
No copy of his narrative of the mar- tyrdom exists, but considerable fragments have been preserved in the Quadrilogue. Several of the privileges of the church of Canterbury were re- newed at the prayer of St. This kind of proceeding Archbishop Thomas nowise liked, saying that it is by no means seemly for the King to exact such money with the some boldness as any other King's taxes, but only according as circumstances and need should require for the peace of the folk of the land ; but beyond this reason there Avas no duty which demanded the paying of such reserve taxes i. Trinity Chapel and Becket's Crown, with crypts beneath them William the Englishman , 1179 to 1184. It was but natural that such a man should be advanced to the episcopacy. This release by the King was so well known and understood that at Northampton St. Guided by this landmark, two horse- men, in the year 1143, or thereabouts, made their way from London to the Court of Theobald Arch- bishop of Canterbury, which was at the archi- episcopal manor of Harrow-on-the-Hill.
The worldliness of his former life was his principal regret, without any special remorse in reference to deeds of arms, which in our times nvouM be held to induce irregularity, and to render an application to the Pope neces- sary for absolution. In his after life the blemishes that we have observed are washed away. Thomas Becket was honored by the Roman Catholic Church and was canonized as Saint Thomas Becket. Thomas was given over to the Church free from all secular obligations hitherto contracted. In all things, therefore, in which we can and ought, we are prepared to obe}- your commands. Several miracles were said to occur at the tomb of the martyr and he was soon canonized. The sub- stantial agreement of several writers, evidently independent of one another, is a further assur- ance of fidelity.
Thomas resigns the guardianship of the Prince — he attends the Coun- cil of Tours — canonization of St. But in the name of Almighty God, I forbid you to hurt my people whether clerk or lay. A martyrdom is never the design of man; for the true martyr is he who has become the instrument of God, who has lost his will in the will of God, not lost it but found it, for he has found freedom in submission to God. Paul's, to ask his Bishop's counsel. A claim was also made, not only to Saltwood and Hythe,4 but to the custody of Rochester Castle, the deed of grant of William the Con- queror being produced. Nereus and Achilleus, who was the Pope's Legate in France.
His amusements were thus in his horses, hounds, and hawks ; forgetful of his place in the Church's hierarchy, and giving him much cause of self- reproach in his after-life. He presented them with his grandfather's customs Constitutions of Clarendon which defined the rights of the king over the Church and with enough pressure the bishops accepted the terms. With the pope behind him, Becket became strong. But though this might in some way account for the silence of the other writers about Fitzstephen's book, how would it account for their making no mention whatever of himself? It was therefore natural that, being surrounded by a chapter of religious, and sitting on a throne which had been rarely occupied save by religious, when he sought to show even by his habit that he had devoted him- self to the service of God, not being himself a Benedictine, he should resume that habit which he had worn when young, and with which were associated his recollections of strictness and holi- ness of life. The Council was attended by 17 Cardinals, 124 Bishops, and 414 Abbots. The bitter conflict between the two men led to the murder of Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral. With the exception of the passages from the Life extracted by the compiler of the Qnadrilogne, this book was entirely unknown until it was published by Canon Robertson, in part in the Archaologia Cantiana, and in full in the Rolls Series.