This allows Canada to have a prospering forestry industry …. . But this social constraint was, no doubt, not exercised at first in its full vigour. What is also true is that as technology develops, the importance of the environment does not decrease but changes and becomes more complex. From such an exercise the geographer would identify the major changes that had occurred in an area as a result of occupancy by succession of human groups. Ideated By Strabo Aristotle Advocated By Vidal de Lablache Friedrich Ratzel Criticized By Griffith Taylor Carl Sauer Example Change of body color of black pepper moth. People make their own history, culture and are creatures of rules.
Strabo cautioned against the assumption that nature and actions of humans were determined by the physical environment they inhabited. They are extremely sensitive to their traditions and do not like criticism. He man is like the traffic controller in a large city who alters the rate but not the direction of progress. They put forth these beliefs in the form of theories which claimed that the environment had deterministic effects on the nature of human society and culture. How closely soil and vegetation influence the health and stature of peoples and animals has been explained by Karl Mackey. The names of Friedrich Ratzel 1844-1904 and Ellen Churchill Semple 1863-1932 are associated with the most outspoken expression of the idea of environmental determinism. The people of warm climates are timorous, weak in body, indolent and passive.
Basically, social geography is a sub-topic of geography that only focus' on the human side to it. Possibilism is the philosophy introduced by Fabvre, to explain man and environment relationship in a different way of determinism, taking man as an active agentin environment; which asserts that natural environment provides options, the number of which increases as the knowledge and technology of a culture group. Thus, man and environment are intrinsically interdependent and it is difficult to say which becomes more influential and when. The attacks of the central Asian nomads in different directions in the 13 th century were also attributed to the drying up of their pastures directions of climatic change. The poor physique of the Somalians, Nepalis, Bangladesis and Vietnamese may also be explained against the background of their poor diet and undernourishment. The philosophy of possibilism is the belief that people are not the products of environment, but, in fact, the work of man not the earth and its influence are the starting points.
The nomads who live in the open air are marked by strength and resolution, wisdom and physical fitness. Such a climatic condition is found in the North-East U. The human activities create the cultural landscape. In France, Jean Brunhes was a strong supporter of possibilism. The concept of Environmental Determinism says that the environment influences the actions of humans. Possibilism is the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
This concept was advocated in the writings of Vidal de Lablache and Brunahes in France, and Bowman and Carl Suer in U. ScienceStruck explores and lists out the differences between these two concepts. Weberian analysis The view that the optimum location of a manufacturing establishment is at the place where the costs of transport and labor and the advantages of agglomeration or deglomeration are most favorable. This is so because the level of technology was very low and the stage of human social development was also primitive. In his deterministic approach, he gave more weight to location in relation to topographic features. This is important because it helps to determine which stage in the demographic transition model a country is in. For example, a complete knowledge about the environment resources may not be available; the data available about the resources and their utilization may not be reliable; the perception about resources environment differs from man to man, community to community, region to region and country to country.
Similar natural conditions may call forth different reactions on the part of man, and within similar sets of conditions, different cultures can take place. The possibilities may be many in the temperate regions but they are very limited in the deserts, equatorial, tundra, and high mountainous regions. The concern was with documenting the control or influence of environment upon human society. During the era, different geographers attempted to explain the phenomena that human action is controlled by environment and Greek and Roman geographers were the first to introduce this idea. In small societies the organization was not rigid enough at the beginning to stifle initiative. These are examples of cultural elements inspired by environmental factors.
According to the possibilists, nature is never more than an adviser. Environment undoubtedly influences man, man in turn changes his environment and the interaction is so intricate that it is difficult to know when one influence ceases and the other begins. There may be, however, exceptions to each of these generalizations, and in many cases, there are also limits to the range of territory which they hold true. There are no necessities, but everywhere possibilities. For instance, man through his technical skill can grow banana, rice and rubber plants in tundra, Greenland, and Antarctica, but he has to take into consideration the input cost. Pygmy hunters share the equatorial forests of Central Africa with agricultural Negroes in a remarkable symbiosis. It can help explain how a country's population changes so dramatically.
This approach was slightly modified by Ellsworth Huntington and Griffith Taylor. Following Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, German geographer Friedrich Rätzel proposed that evolutionary biology and our environment play the most prominent role in our development as a species. It means that possibilities can be created within the limits which do not damage the environment and there is no free run without accidents. The exceptions and the limits demand explanation. The view that although the physical environment does not uniquely determine human actions, it does nevertheless make some response more than others. The characteristic chosen to define this kind of region dominates at a central focus or node and diminishes in importance outward.