The fourth epistle is concerned with happiness and our ability to apply our love for ourselves to the world around us. Whereas the first epistle explores the inherently complex relationship man has with his material existence, the second describes the relationship that man has with his own desires, mental faculties, and spiritual aspirations. So man, who here seems principal alone, Perhaps acts second to some sphere unknown, Touches some wheel, or verges to some goal; 'Tis but a part we see, and not a whole. A kingdom of the just then let it be: But first consider how those just agree. Pleased with this bauble still, as that before; Till tired he sleeps, and life's poor play is o'er. But where th' extreme of vice, was ne'er agreed: Ask where's the north? Thicker than arguments, temptations throng. What if the head, the eye, or ear repined To serve mere engines to the ruling mind? Vast chain of being, which from God began, Natures ethereal, 26 human, angel, man Beast, bird, fish, insect! Heaven forming each on other to depend, A master, or a servant, or a friend, Bids each on other for assistance call, Till one man's weakness grows the strength of all.
Man has sun and forest around him, which he takes advantage of for food shelter and nurturing but on the other hand he blames the nature for destruction and other cause. Essay on criticism analysis pdf. Mean though I am, not wholly so, Since quickened by Thy breath; Oh, lead me wheresoe'er I go, Through this day's life or death. Man should learn that nature should take its cause and must learn how to cope with it. Happiness is therefore equal which means that it must also be social since, as Pope establishes in the third epistle, man is governed by general, not specific laws. The use of weak and blind in the essay tells how man is unsatisfied not be able to see things his way and hence making him unhappy. No less alike the politic and wise; All sly slow things, with circumspective eyes; Men in their loose unguarded hours they take, Not that themselves are wise, but others weak.
Not man alone, but all that roam the wood, Or wing the sky, or roll along the flood, Each loves itself, but not itself alone, Each sex desires alike, till two are one. In addition to discussing evil, Pope also suggests that human beings are full of pride and impiety. Leave all meaner things To low ambition, and the pride of kings. Because man cannot know God's purposes, he cannot complain about the existence of evil and must accept that Whatever is, is right. If I am right, Thy grace impart, Still in the right to stay; If I am wrong, oh, teach my heart To find that better way.
It seems clear that with this idea, Pope tries to explain why certain individual behave in distinct ways, seemingly governed by a particular desire. Alexander went to study with Thomas Deane, a convert to Catholicism who lost his position at Oxford as a result of his religious beliefs. It is concerned with the part evil plays in the world and with the social order God has decreed for man. That it is partly upon his ignorance of future events, and partly upon the hope of future state, that all his happiness in the present depends, v. To whom can riches give repute or trust, Content, or pleasure, but the good and just? Go, teach Eternal Wisdom how to rule— Then drop into thyself, and be a fool! The good man may be weak, be indolent; Nor is his claim to plenty, but content. God is superior to everything and everyone mentioned above.
Ask your own heart, and nothing is so plain; 'Tis to mistake them, costs the time and pain. We learn that there is a hierarchy in the universe. Pope moved Twickenham in 1717 there he received visitors just about everyone, attacked his literary contemporaries although exceptions were Swift and Gay, with whom he had close friendships and continued to publish poetry. At the same time, others can only harm, destroy and kill. An Essay on Man is a poem published by Alexander Pope in 1734. A perjured prince a leaden saint revere, A godless regent tremble at a star? What crops of wit and honesty appear From spleen, from obstinacy, hate, or fear! She compares the characteristics of the people she studies to additional items to give us a clearer picture of the scenario.
In this, or any other sphere, Secure to be as blest as thou canst bear: Safe in the hand of one disposing Power, Or in the natal, or the mortal hour. Pope draws us into the poem by reminding us that we too have tendencies to make assumptions and that we all have our own desire to see the universe revolving around us. And if each system in gradation roll, Alike essential to th' amazing whole; The least confusion but in one, not all That system only, but the whole must fall. It's also a warning that man himself is not as in his pride, he seems to believe the center of all things. Essays on race and ethnicity. In addition to its impressive breadth and innovative use of poetic forms, An Essay on Man is known for its insightful wisdom. Bring, then, these blessings to a strict account; Make fair deductions; see to what they mount; How much of other each is sure to cost; How each for other oft is wholly lost; How inconsistent greater goods with these; How sometimes life is risked, and always ease; Think, and if still the things thy envy call, Say, would'st thou be the man to whom they fall? The general order, since the whole began, Is kept in nature, and is kept in man.
This time of Reason emphasized the vital role of Science in the contemporary society. That counter-works each folly and caprice; That disappoints th' effect of every vice; That, happy frailties to all ranks applied, Shame to the virgin, to the matron pride, Fear to the statesman, rashness to the chief, To kings presumption, and to crowds belief: That, virtue's ends from vanity can raise, Which seeks no interest, no reward but praise; And build on wants, and on defects of mind, The joy, the peace, the glory of mankind. Remembrance and Reflection how ally'd; What thin partitions Sense from Thought divide: And Middle natures, 25 how they long to join, Yet never pass th' insuperable line! Oh, happiness, our being's end and aim! A huge emphasis was placed on the ability to think and reason during the Enlightenment. Instanced in the extraordinary character of Clodio, v. Whether they were noble or unrepentant in their actions those were what made them immortal through our recorded history. Go, teach Eternal Wisdom how to rule -- Then drop into thyself, and be a fool! You'll find, if once the monarch acts the monk, Or, cobbler-like, the parson will be drunk, Worth makes the man, and want of it, the fellow; The rest is all but leather or prunella. If a person understands that he or she cannot understand God, then he or she will not attempt judge other people.
Thus the two works were, in fact, produced together, parts of one design. In order to obey, it is not necessary to turn off the brain and refuse rational thinking. Nothing is foreign: parts relate to whole; One all-extending, all-preserving soul Connects each being, greatest with the least; Made beast in aid of man, and man of beast; All served, all serving: nothing stands alone; The chain holds on, and where it ends, unknown. The creature had his feast of life before; Thou too must perish when thy feast is o'er! However, this is impossible, since a person does not exist by itself, but only as part of a larger whole, which is outside the reach of any living being. It encourages submitting to God.
How usefully these are distributed to all Orders of Men, v. His great wisdom, a feat that has made him capable of attaining unprecedented knowledge, also has the capacity to give rise to great arrogance, stifling modest and balanced introspection. From pride, from pride, our very reas'ning springs; Account for moral as for nat'ral things: Why charge we Heav'n in those, in these acquit? Our own Principle of action often hid from ourselves, v. Structurally, the work is divided into four epistles — formal didactic letters written for someone. We know man falls by pride; and therefore the moment he becomes swollen headed, his fall begins. But, notwithstanding that inequality, the balance of Happiness among Mankind is kept even by Providence, by the two Passions of Hope and Fear, v.