Nonprofit management has the added importance of attracting and retaining donors. This means that you need to occasionally motivate and inspire by setting an example, instead of simply telling the subordinates what they need to do. Planners must then identify alternative courses of action for achieving objectives. They must also ensure the harmonization of staff, and try to find out the best way to handle the important tasks and reduce unnecessary expenditure within the company. The Nature of Organization The following are the important characteristics of organization. Consider you are a manager of a team in a café.
An example of planning would be a situation where you have an objective, such as increasing the sales by 20% in the following month. Since planning is essentially choosing, it is dependent upon the availability of alternatives. The fifth function was staffing. These forecasts form the basis for planning. Implementing these five functions can only have huge benefits… 818 Words 4 Pages Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, motivating, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals. It is the result of the philosophy, personality, and experience of the leader.
The best way is to state them in numbers, with clear language and a frame of reference which all employees can understand. Many jobs are now designed based on such principles as job enrichment and teamwork. During the planning process, decision makers deliberately select objectives, programs, or projects, as well as the policies and procedures for accomplishing them within organizations. Some characteristic features of the directing function are as follows. In industries where man power is required for important processes of production such as manufacturing, mining, automobiles and heavy engineering, staffing can be a crucial aspect of the business. It may be a hydraulic controller positioned by a solenoid or electric motor in response to an electronic error signal, an employee directed to rework the parts that failed to pass quality inspection, or a school principal who decides to buy additional books to provide for an increased number of students. It is a core managerial function with substantial consequences, both positive and negative.
Group Leadership In contrast to individual leadership, some organizations have adopted group leadership. The key strengths and weaknesses of both organisations are identified and discussed on how it touches the internal and the external factors affecting their core business. Classification of such activities into convenient groups 3. Control - the last of the four functions of management, includes establishing performance standards, which are aligned to the company's objectives. You also need to be knowledgeable of the topic at hand. Organization structure determines the input resources needed for expansion of a business activity similarly organization is essential for product diversification such as establishing a new product line. Similarly, an organization is always intended to achieve objectives and as such, it is a means to an end and never an end in itself.
The directing function is all about the day-to-day interaction between the management and the staff. This means that local managers and the heads of departments in addition to the Country Heads in the various markets that the company operates in are free to decide on the appropriate strategies for their territories as long as they conform to the global norms and global culture that permeates the organization. Kouzes and Posner developed a construct that can fairly represent the aspects of leadership actions. Jones defines management in terms of its functions and objectives. This function does not imply that managers should attempt to control or to manipulate the personalities, values, attitudes, or emotions of their subordinates. Organizing The next function of management follows planning and it is about organizing. It is a technique of projecting expectations, anticipating problems, and guiding decision making.
Each of the functions is related to each other and the functions complement each other. Different situations call for different leadership styles. Investing both time and capital in preparing employees for success can create significant increases in value and return on investment, as well as empowering employees to grow and improve. This is the micro level planning which is complemented by the macro level planning which can be seen from the objectives of increasing market share ranging from 5 to 30% for the middle management in the various markets in which it operates. This paper will discuss four management functions: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Organizing is the second step, which involves the manager determining how to distribute resources and arrange employees according to the plan. Effective controlling requires the existence of plans, since planning provides the necessary performance standards or objectives.
Operational planning generally assumes the existence of objectives and specifies ways to achieve them. The controlling function aims to check if the tasks being allotted are performed on time and according to the standards set by the quality department. A plan helps to, and serves as a way to, measure the efficiency and effectiveness of an organization in accomplishing its strategic plans. According to Theo Haimann, Controlling is the process of checking whether or not proper progress is being made towards the objectives and goals and acting if necessary, to correct any deviation. It is also used to determine if any remedial action is required to ensure that human and other corporate resources are being used in the most effective and efficient way possible to achieve corporate objectives. Organizing at the level of a particular job involves how best to design individual jobs to most effectively use human resources. But it should not be viewed merely as a post-mortem of past achievements and performances.
Organizing — Coordinating Activities and Resources Organizing can be defined as the process by which the established plans are moved closer to realization. Similar to a tall structure, this expedites decision-making from the top down. Introduction Change management is planning, organising, leading and controlling a change process in an organisation to improve its performance as well as to achieve organisational goals. Issuing orders and instructions 2. Accountability means that those with authority and responsibility must report and justify task outcomes to those above them in the chain of command. They can be seen here as a diagram. Positive Reinforcement Anyone thinking about managing a team must consider positive reinforcement.