The opinion provided by him shall have primacy and is binding on the president. High courts are instituted as under , Chapter V, Article 214 of the. If you subscribe to a newsletter or otherwise register with the Sites, these cookies may be correlated to you. The sources said recommendations had been received for the transfer of Justice Rajesh Kumar Agrawal, judge of the Allahabad High Court to the Madras High Court. The High Court at Lahore being in Pakistan, ceased to have jurisdiction over Delhi and East Punjab. However, the principal seat of the High Court remained at Chandigarh. Post Independence scenario After independence of India, the old province of Punjab was divided into West Punjab Pakistan and East Punjab India.
Below him, there are courts of civil jurisdiction, known by different names in different states. High courts are headed by a chief justice. Thus Delhi, a Union Territory, has a separate High Court of its own while the Madras High Court has jurisdiction over Pondicherry, the Kerala High Court over Lakshadweep and Mumbai High Court over Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the Kolkata High Court over Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Punjab High court over Chandigarh. It had the powerto transfer any criminal case or appeal from any court to any other court of equal or superior jurisdiction. However, this will not prevent the sites from placing further cookies on your device unless and until you adjust your Internet browser setting as described above. The Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950.
A souvenir was also released on the occasion. We use session cookies to help us track internet usage as described above. Many functions were held to commemorate the event. Nagappan, judge of the Madras High Court, is being elevated as Chief Justice of the Orissa High Court and Justice D. The information provided below about cookies also applies to these other tracking technologies. The first Chief Justice was Sir and the other two judges were Sir and.
Judges in a High Court are appointed by the President of India in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the governor of the state. As a result, once or twice a year, some judges travel to these areas and dispose off all the High Court appeals of that jurisdiction. In criminal cases it extends to case committed to them by Presidency Magistrates. The High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras exercise original civil jurisdiction when the amount involved exceeds specified limit. Kerala High Court, Cochin Kerala High Court is the highest court in the Indian state of Kerala and has a new multi storied building inaugurated on 11 February 2006 and equipped with modern amenities. Each high court has jurisdiction over a , a or a group of states and union territories.
It functioned until the establishment of the on 28 January 1950. One of them, Justice M B Lokur, retired recently, and the other, Justice A K Sikri, is due to retire in March. Sources told The Indian Express that the move to transfer Justice Muralidhar was discussed twice in this three-member Collegium for postings and transfers in High Courts, in December and in January. The Centre has constituted three new High Courts in the northeast — Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura — taking the total number of High Courts in the country from 21 to 24. However, the work of most High Courts primarily consists of appeals from lower courts and writ petitions in terms of Article 226 of the constitution. The first move to transfer Justice Muralidhar came shortly after that.
Also Read: Appointment of High Court Judge: Every Judge of a Court is appointed by the president. Below the high courts is a hierarchy of subordinate courts such as the civil courts, family courts, criminal courts and various other. The work of most High Courts consists of Appeals from lowers courts and writ petitions in terms of Article 226 of the Constitution of India. The High Court had no ordinary original civil jurisdiction. Writ jurisdiction is also original jurisdiction of High Court.
Name Establishment year Territorial Jurisdiction Seat Bombay 1862 Maharastra, Dadar and Nagar Haveli. Only in matters of admiralty, probate, matrimonial, contempt of Court, enforcement of Fundamental Rights and cases ordered to be transferred from a lower court involving the interpretation of the Constitution to their own file, they have original jurisdiction. Smaller states with few cases may have circuit benches established. Neither the Supreme Court nor the Legislature can deprive a High Court of its power of punishing contempt of itself. The number of judges in a court is decided by dividing the average institution of main cases during the last five years by the national average, or the average rate of disposal of main cases per judge per year in that High Court, whichever is higher. Supreme court judges Justice S J Mukhopadhyay, Justice and Justice M Y Eqbal, who had earlier served as chief justice in Jharkhand high court, shared their experiences of how the issue of having a building was dealt with during their stint. As per Clause 9 of the Letters Patent, it was empowered to remove, try and determine any civil case from courts subordinate to it.
These High Courts have some of the most amazing buildings in the country along with Jharkhand High Court,Punjab and Haryana High Court,Andhra Pradesh High Court, Odisha High Court,Jharkhand High Court and Rajasthan High Court. But the Parliament has the power to establish a common High Court for two or more States Article 231. Presently there are 24 high courts in India. Madhya Pradesh High Court, Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh High Court at Jabalpur is located at Civil Lines and well known for the iconic building painted in blue. Known for his bold pronouncements on communal violence and personal liberty, Justice Muralidhar, especially in 2018, authored many judgments which have been widely discussed. High court at High court is the biggest court in Asia with maximum number of serving judges and lawyers.
Context: In pursuance of article 214 of the Constitution and the Order issued by the Supreme Court of India and in exercise of powers conferred under clause a of sub-section 1 of section 30, sub-section 1 of section 31 and sub-section 2 of section 31 of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, the President has constituted a separate High Court for the State of Andhra Pradesh, namely, the High Court of Andhra Pradesh, from the 1st day of January, 2019 with the principal seat of such High Court at Amaravati in the State of Andhra Pradesh and the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad shall become the High Court for the State of Telangana. The Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court in the country, established on 2 July 1862. As per the recommendations of the Supreme Court collegium, Justice T. The Delhi High Court was established on 31 October 1966 with its seat at Simla which was later shifted to New Delhi in 1971 after the Himachal Pradesh was granted the statehood with its own High Court at Simla. We use the following types of cookies: Persistent Cookies We use persistent cookies to improve your experience of using the sites.