The gender of some suffixes is distinguishable by the doubling of the consonant and the added -e in the feminine form, for example: -t vs -tte, -l vs -lle, -ien vs -ienne, or -on vs -onne. Though of course, you have to be careful of the exceptions. Also see -eur on the list of masculine endings. Typical Masculine Noun Endings Noun Ending Examples -acle miracle miracle , spectacle show , obstacle obstacle -age fromage cheese , voyage trip , bagage luggage -aire frigidaire fridge , anniversaire birthday , commentaire commentary -é but not -té degré degree , marché market , congé holiday -eau drapeau flag , chapeau hat , cadeau gift -er and -ier dîner dinner , panier basket , cahier notebook -isme tourisme tourism , absolutisme absolutism , capitalisme capitalism -ment gouvernement government , ornement ornament , divertissement entertainment Besides just memorizing noun endings, you can also spot masculine nouns by certain categories. Gender, in French, is not a simple matter, so you have to proceed step by step.
Noticeable suffixes in feminine: -té: la société, la beauté. Do not discriminate or make remarks about dialects, races, religion, gender, etc. Specifically, avoid posting content of a sexual nature. The noun for a male bee is a drone. There are even words that are spelled the same, but have a different meaning when masculine or feminine; for example, le livre m means the book, but la livre f means the pound.
You have to put the accent. And some words are the tricksters of the bunch, taking on different meanings with different genders, like livre, which is a book when masculine but a pound when feminine! To clarify this answer, a wor … ker bee is an infertile female andunder normal circumstances cannot reproduce. We're a community for those learning the French language. For example, la personne f the person is always feminine, even when it's talking about your uncle! Others are always feminine, like une voiture a car , une maison a house , and une école a school. Only the nouns - and their related adjectives - are masculine and feminine in French. French cheese is a boy thing Dena.
English uses gender specific nouns for male or female. In English there are no masculine or feminine forms. You can either do it with a group of words, like I did with the house example, or with just one word at a time, creating a new story like a story around a bearded woman. Usually the exceptions are due to a difference in the etymology, or in the process of nominalization, but let's not go there today. I've also discovered that vaginas are masculine.
But sometimes the little tricks help, especially when remembering a list of things, e. Having three genders with the nouns all jumbled up helps matters in some other languages, but while we are at it, a dozen would be better, I think. Sir is an appropriate counterpart to address a male infor … mal situations. For instance, some nouns are always masculine no matter what, like un sac a bag , un manteau an overcoat , and un ordinateur a computer. How to identify feminine French nouns Some noun endings typically designate female gender and some common examples.
And of course there are exceptions, but luckily not too many so you can learn those by heart mostly. In English there are no masculine or feminine forms. As you can see by the number of exceptions here, these gender patterns are not foolproof indicators, but they can help. X is a double consonant in french 1. In a nutshell: French nouns are assholes. To determine if a noun is masculine or feminine in Spanish, you usually check its final letter. In English there are no masculine or feminine forms.
Sometimes the stories might seem stupid and pointless to you but it can really work. This is also true for words of Greek origin, which helps us understand why some words ending in -ema are masculine, not feminine even though they end in -a. Same goes for demonstratives and possessives: Mon pote, ma pote, ce pote, cette pote wonderful Mon ami, mon amie, cet ami, cette amie screw that, I'm going home 3. In particular, sciences and subjects ending in -graphie — like photographie photography , géographie geography , and chorégraphie choreography — are feminine. Also when in doubt, in most cases, if something ends in -e or -tion or is generally any abstract noun google it if you don't know what that is, but basically intangible things like happiness, integrity, joy, etc it's feminine.
For example, in fromage, you have the suffix -age which derives masculine nouns from other words, so you can expect similar words like mirage, parlage, rasage, feuillage, paysage, and so on to be masculine. However, in certain phrases you only use de. These need to be learned individually. If you really aren't sure, you can often get away with just looking for an -e at the end of a word, since it usually marks the feminine in writing, but be careful of suffixes like -age and other exceptions. All other parts of speech verb, adverbs, adjectives, preposition, etc.
All objects are basically 'its' therefore there is ambiguity whenever you want to use a pronoun for a noun with another 'it noun' in between. Y and en are not helping either. Some did write books about this. In fact, consider yourself lucky that you're studying French; in German and Latin, for instance, you'd have to learn three genders masculine, feminine and neuter , and in still other languages, it gets even more complicated. The rest will go along by itself, you'll see. In Christianity, God is spirit and thus is beyond gender.