Science writer Colin Tudge says: Human beings in the future will practice cloning and will manipulate the genomes of their offspring to the point where they will, in effect, produce a new stratum of society. The Green revolution followed 3 major strands in its attempts to transform agriculture -. But that same procedure could be used to enhance traits that are not classified as diseases. In addition to the chemical advances utilized during this time period, high-yield crops were also developed and introduced. There seems to be a mismatch between technology and need, driven by the funding sources of basic research. The targeted farmers have generally found it worthwhile to buy the seeds.
The goal was to make the human race stronger, healthier, and more intelligent. In the past three years, the technology has transformed biology. What we need is a sensible and responsible approach to integrating biotechnology in Indian agricultural research while ensuring that any risk posed by this technology is kept to a minimum through rigorous scientific approach. The land reforms had catastrophic impacts on many small famers and destroyed a culture of subsistence farming in some areas. It can provide diagnostic tools and vaccines that help control devastating animal diseases. In contrast, the Gene Revolution could be considered revolutionary so far in only four countries: the United States, Canada, China, and Argentina. From 1900 to 2000, the amount of energy put into agriculture worldwide increased 80 times due to the shift from human and animal labor to the use of large machines.
Much work remains before the technique could be applied to viable human embryos that would pass on genetic changes. The phenomenon, popularly labeled designer babies, has far-reaching implications for our understanding of what it is to be a human being and for what kind of society we will create for future generations. Although this may sound heretical, especially coming from a card-carrying geneticist, it reflects the fact that, unlike chromosomes, genes are not physical objects but are merely concepts that have acquired a great deal of historic baggage over the past decades. Beyond crop productivity, there is also a need to address the larger food and environmental issues. Increasing economic growth spurred by genetically improved crops will provide much-needed resources in the efforts to conserve biodiversity.
But this was not enough in meeting with rising demand. As India is the centre of the origin of many crop plants with many wild relatives, we should be prudent to minimise any potential gene transfer to weedy relatives. Definitions A gene is a unit of heredity in a living organism. Vitamin-laced strains of rice and protein-enriched vegetables could improve nutrition levels. The strategic integration of biotechnology tools into Indian agricultural systems can revolutionise Indian farming and usher in a new era in the countryside.
But public acceptance is driven by perception of the risk rather than the physical reality. The shelf life of fruits and vegetables can be prolonged to reduce losses to food spoilage, expand the market vista and improve food quality. Today, there does not appear to be a strong political motivation for genetically modified crops to succeed in the developing world. The Government of India's department of biotechnology and other scientific agencies have done admirable work to deal with safety issues of genetically improved crops by developing a strong, reliable and trustworthy regulatory mechanism. With the stunning advances in genetic engineering, future eugenics programs would no longer be limited to the version of selective breeding advocated in the 1930s and 1940s.
In contrast, the key technology package of the Gene Revolution is simply the improved seed. By developing new technologies that are more sustainable, it may be possible to provide food for the ever-increasing population without destroying the environment. Eugenics It is not the first time that human beings have tried to alter human nature. It is possible to transplant pig genes into ailing humans to produce a protein in which the human was deficient. And, to carry these deductions still further, genes determine whether or not an organism is going to develop at all.
Thus, it can be of great help to the smallest farmer with limited resources, in increasing farm productivity through the availability of improved but powerful seed. There have been signs that the U. The enormous potential benefits from these crops, therefore, far outweigh any hypothetical risks posed their use. We do not need militant and violent paths in keeping the biotechnology away from Indians as this will only ensure continued backwardness of our Indian agriculture. Because of the imprecise nature of metes and bounds surveying, the U. The increase in energy consumption and the dependency on more fossil fuels has resulted in pollution and has caused harm to the environment.
It was beneficial because it helped produce more food and prevented the starvation of many people. Agency for International Development, and other public organizations. Developing countries such as Mexico, Argentina, China and Chile have already made considerable economic advances by integrating biotechnology into their agricultural programmes. The example of Nazi Germany makes most commentators reluctant to invest this authority in a political regime. Simple irrigation techniques were also adopted. Genes and Genomes: A Changing Perspective. In the 1940s, Norman Borlaug developed a strain of wheat that could resist diseases, was short, which reduced damage by wind, and could produce large seed heads and high yields.